One of the characteristics of the Arctic is the frozen soil, or permafrost. This means that the soil is permanently frozen, apart from a thin top layer that thaws in summer. But under this so called active layer the ground is still frozen, preventing the meltwater to drain. This often results in a very wet and swampy tundra. At the lower parts of the tundra, tundra ponds can start. These ponds are home to a variety of live, geese use it as a refuge against predators, ducks and divers, the latter also using it for breeding. This smaller pond was desolated, but it still made a nice picture in the landscape.