Most penguins we see, are (sub-)Antarctic penguins. That makes sense of course, as we only visit these regions. There is one penguin, however, that also occurs further north. The Magellanic Penguin can be found all around the southern parts of South America. We often see the first ones already when we have just left Ushuaia and are sailing through the Beagle Channel. Also on the Falklands, we see them a lot.
The breeding behaviour of the Magellanic Penguin also differs from the others we see. Where the Emperor and King Penguin lay their eggs on their feet and the brush-tail (Gentoo, Adelie and Chinstrap) and crested (Rockhopper and Macaroni) penguins all make a nest with pebbles, the Magellanic dig burrows and make their nest underground. This, of course, is possible for the more northernly Magellanic and not possible for the others, which breed in areas where the ground is permanently frozen.